History 

In this section, with its subsections, documentary and archival history is presented, which tends above all to describe institutional and political events.  

For the moment we will focus on the main town, Fratta and then Umbertide, and on the hilly and flat rural territory. The main settlements present in the municipal territory are still not investigated, some such as Preggio with an established settlement history even older than the current Umbertide; we will try in the continuation of this adventure to heal these shortcomings.  

The history of the populations who inhabited our territory, the productive use they made of it, the settlements built, centralized and isolated, touch a horizon of aspects so broad that they all deserve to be addressed.  Our intent, in fact, is to present  all the different "perspectives" with which the "history" of our country can be reconstructed. The "short time" in fact, the guideline of the research reported in the subsections described above, gives us a story focused on the birth and history of the main agglomeration of Fratta / Umbertide, but allows us to see only the institutional-political events, as far as they can add up in a millennial diachronic sequence. While the development and consequences of economic structures require an investigation that you seek with a "long time" to be recognized, they are detailed in the " Thematic history " page .

 

At the moment for the subsections " From Antiquity to '700 " and for " Nineteenth century and Risorgimento " we present a historical reconstruction based on paper archives starting from the XII century, while we will subsequently analyze  more adequately the history of our most fragmented territory, that is to say that up to the origins. " The Fratta of the sixteenth century"  and " The War of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany "  retrace the events and social life of the sixteenth century. Together with them, for the same historical period, we have created the subsection on the Statutes of the Fratta of 1521,  which allows you to read  and download the Statutes in a complete transcription in the vernacular with an interactive internal search mode. And many more

The contemporaneity will be investigated above all in the section " From the twentieth century to today ", benefiting from a greater series of historical sources and news.

 

The reference sources of the first two subsections are those of the  SIUSA (Unified Information System for Archival Superintendencies) which in 2010-11 with Sargentini Cristiana and Santolamazza Rossella drafted and corrected the relative entry on "Fratta / Umbertide".

As regards the history in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, also for our country it was necessary to resort to the statutory sources of Perugia, which constitute the reference regulatory framework for the communities scattered in the countryside; in particular the  Perugian reform of 1396, with which the roles of castellan and podestà of Sigillo, Montone and Fratta, up to then carried out by two distinct officials, were unified forming "unum officium et unum corpus castellanantia cum potestaria". With this resolution, a "vir bonus et fidelis" was designated to administer each of those communities.  

The territory of the castle of Fratta from that moment had different "institutional profiles": from  sec. XIV - sec. XVIII was a " Community" of the "State of the Church", a denomination which, due to the loss of archival material, with certainty  will return only in the period  1815 - 1870, after the short period in which Fratta was part, from 1798-1814, of the  Communities of Lazio in the French period; in the  1859 it was established as a "Municipality" and then equipped with a " Civil State Office" in Umbria, 1860 - 1865. In this period, in 1862, it passed from the name of Fratta to that of "Umbertide".

A bibliography  " Texts and links to consult"  with the studies published on Umbertide and his history and society and a sitography to deepen on the web, they will allow us to continue in the knowledge of our Umbertide.

The page on the " Degree Thesis " will host the parts or complete theses of young and old who have wanted to study our territory in some aspect and wish to make it a common cultural heritage.

UMBERTIDE DA MONTACUTO archivio deplanu.

Photo: Umbertide da Montacuto: the growth of the  city to the south of the original nucleus of Fratta.

Help us remember

 

umbertidestoria@gmail.com

Winston  Churchill

 

"The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see."
"The more you can look back, the more you will be able to see forward."